The idea of four elements earth, fire, air, and water making up all matter in the cosmos goes back to the ancient Greeks. But the Fiends' names aren't all Greek. They're more obscure than most, and many game players might miss them.
Origins[ edit ] Ground-breaking writer Denny O'Neil discussed topics previously avoided in comics, such as drug abuse and urban poverty. There is no one single event that can be said to herald the beginning of the Bronze Age. Instead, a number of events at the beginning of the s, taken together, can be seen as a shift away from the tone of comics in the previous decade.
One such event was the April issue of Green Lanternwhich added Green Arrow as a title character. The series, written by Denny O'Neil and penciled by Neal Adams inking was by Adams or Dick Giordanofocused on "relevance" as Green Lantern was exposed to poverty and experienced self-doubt.
Also in Mort Weisingerthe long term editor of the various Superman titles, retired to be replaced by Julius Schwartz. Schwartz set about toning down some of the more fanciful aspects of the Weisinger era, removing most Kryptonite from continuity and scaling back Superman's nigh-infinite—by then—powers, which was done by veteran Superman artist Curt Swan together with groundbreaking author Denny O'Neil.
The beginning of the Bronze Age coincided with the end of the careers of many of the veteran writers and artists of the time, or their promotion to management positions and retirement from regular writing or drawing, and their replacement with a younger generation of editors and creators, many of whom knew each other from their experiences in comic book fan conventions and publications.
At the same time, publishers began the era by scaling back on their super-hero publications, canceling many of the weaker-selling titles, and experimenting with other genres such as horror and sword-and-sorcery. Over time, the medium shifted from cheap mass market products sold at newsstands to a more expensive product sold at specialty comic book shops and aimed at a smaller, core audience of fans.
The shift in distribution allowed many small-print publishers to enter the market, changing the medium from one dominated by a few large publishers to a more diverse and eclectic range of books.
InMarvel published the first comic book issue of Robert E. Howard 's pulp character Conan the Barbarian. Conan's success as a comic hero resulted in adaptations of other Howard characters: They also took over the licensing of Edgar Rice Burroughs 's Tarzan from long-time publisher Gold Key and began adapting other Burroughs creations, such as John Carterthe Pellucidar seriesand the Amtor series.
Blumberg to be the definitive Bronze Age event, as it exemplifies the period's trend towards darker territory and willingness to subvert conventions such as the assumed survival of long-established, "untouchable" characters. At that time, any portrayal of drug use in comic books was banned outright by the Comics Code Authorityregardless of the context.
The CCA refused to approve the story, but Lee published it regardless. The positive reception that the story received led to the CCA revising the Comics Code later that year to allow the portrayal of drug addiction as long as it was depicted in a negative light.
The revision to the Comics Code has also been seen as relaxing the rules on the use of vampires, ghouls and werewolves in comic books, allowing the growth of a number of supernatural and horror-oriented titles, such as Swamp ThingGhost Rider and The Tomb of Draculaamong numerous others.
However, the tone of horror comic stories had already seen substantial changes between the relatively tame offerings of the early s e. Unusual Tales and the more violent products available in the late s e.
At the beginning of the s, publishers moved away from the super-hero stories that enjoyed mass-market popularity in the mids; DC cancelled most of its super-hero titles other than those starring Superman and Batman, while Marvel cancelled weaker-selling titles such as Dr.
In their place, they experimented with a wide variety of other genres, including Westerns, horror and monster stories, and the above-mentioned adaptations of pulp adventures.
These trends peaked in the early s, and the medium reverted by the mids to selling predominantly super-hero titles. However, in the s relevance became not only a feature of the stories, but also something that the books loudly proclaimed on their covers to promote sales.
The Spider-Man drug issues were at the forefront of the trend of "social relevance" with comic books noticeably handling real-life issues.This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
In this lesson, we discuss Robert Louis Stevenson's short novel, ''Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.'' After we discuss the plot, we examine the principal characters, and analyze the.
Welcome to ZigZag English! Here you can browse, preview and order photocopiable teaching resources for English Literature, English Language, Lang & Lit and Creative Writing. THE OBSESSIVELY DETAILED MAP OF AMERICAN LITERATURE'S MOST EPIC ROAD TRIPS - interactive "The map is the result of a painstaking and admittedly quixotic effort to catalog the country as it has been described.
Winter: A Crow Creek Novel - Kindle edition by Thomas Drago. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Winter: A Crow Creek Novel.
Documentary exploring the world of Bram Stoker and the mystery behind his mythical horror story 'Dracula'.