The Causes, course, and Effect of the First World War[ edit ] From the Syllabus[ edit ] long-term, short-term and immediate causes campaigns, war at sea, effects on civilian population factors leading to the defeat of the central powers social and economic changes during and after the war the Paris Peace Settlements and their political and economic effects on Europe.
Types of war War must entail some degree of confrontation using weapons and other military technology and equipment by armed forces employing military tactics and operational art within a broad military strategy subject to military logistics.
Studies of war by military theorists throughout military history have sought to identify the philosophy of warand to reduce it to a military science.
Modern military science considers several factors before a national defence policy is created to allow a war to commence: Biological warfareor germ warfare, is the use of weaponized biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Chemical warfare involves the use of weaponized chemicals in combat. Poison gas as a chemical weapon was principally used during World War Iand resulted in over a million estimated casualties, including more thancivilians. The Spanish Civil War was one of Europe's bloodiest and most brutal civil wars.
Civil war is a war between forces belonging to the same nation or political entity. Conventional warfare is declared war between states in which nuclearbiologicalor chemical weapons are not used or see limited deployment.
Cyberwarfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's information systems. Insurgency is a rebellion against authority, when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents lawful combatants.
An insurgency can be fought via counter-insurgency warfare, and may also be opposed by measures to protect the population, and by political and economic actions of various kinds aimed at undermining the insurgents' claims against the incumbent regime.
Information warfare is the application of destructive force on a large scale against information assets and systems, against the computers and networks that support the four critical infrastructures the power grid, communications, financial, and transportation.
Total war is warfare by any means possible, disregarding the laws of warplacing no limits on legitimate military targetsusing weapons and tactics resulting in significant civilian casualtiesor demanding a war effort requiring significant sacrifices by the friendly civilian population.
Unconventional warfarethe opposite of conventional warfare, is an attempt to achieve military victory through acquiescence, capitulation, or clandestine support for one side of an existing conflict. War of aggression is a war for conquest or gain rather than self-defense; this can be the basis of war crimes under customary international law.
War of liberationWars of national liberation or national liberation revolutions are conflicts fought by nations to gain independence. The term is used in conjunction with wars against foreign powers or at least those perceived as foreign to establish separate sovereign states for the rebelling nationality.
From a different point of view, these wars are called insurgencies, rebellions, or wars of independence. Military history The percentages of men killed in war in eight tribal societies, and Europe and the U. Keeley, archeologist The earliest recorded evidence of war belongs to the Mesolithic cemetery Sitewhich has been determined to be approximately 14, years old.
About forty-five percent of the skeletons there displayed signs of violent death. The advent of gunpowder and the acceleration of technological advances led to modern warfare.
According to Conway W. Henderson, "One source claims that 14, wars have taken place between BC and the late 20th century, costing 3. For comparison, an estimated 1,, people died from infectious diseases in the 20th century.
All of these forms of warfare were used by primitive societies, a finding supported by other researchers. Scarcity of resources meant defensive works were not a cost-effective way to protect the society against enemy raids.
At the end of each of the last two World Wars, concerted and popular efforts were made to come to a greater understanding of the underlying dynamics of war and to thereby hopefully reduce or even eliminate it altogether.
These efforts materialized in the forms of the League of Nationsand its successor, the United Nations. According to the U.
Bureau of the Censusthe Indian Wars of the 19th century cost the lives of about 50, However, the evidence examined in the edition of the Center for International Development and Conflict Management's "Peace and Conflict" study indicated the overall decline in conflicts had stalled.Jan 19, · The cold war emerged, and the battles between a communist or democratic world began.
The United Nations were formed with the goal of providing a world forum in the attempt to end war and settle disputes through a world leslutinsduphoenix.com: Resolved. The Impact of Total War. World War II was larger than previous wars and was fought in more parts of the leslutinsduphoenix.com it was different in another way, too.
It came closer than any prior conflict to being a total leslutinsduphoenix.com was not fought just by soldiers and sailors. Free Essay: The Effect of World War One on Civilian Life World War one began in when Great Britain declared war on Germany, this war was different to.
Essay On Causes And Effects Of World War 1. fighting, Cause of the Second World War Essay. World War II was the deadliest conflict in history. The war ended with Germany surrendering.
million lives were lost during World War II, it was a horrifying war. Effects of war also include mass destruction of cities and have long lasting effects on a country's economy.
Armed conflict have important indirect negative consequences on, infrastructure, public health provision, and social order. Anti-war movements have existed for every major war in the 20th century, including, most prominently, World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War.
In the 21st century, worldwide anti-war movements occurred in response to the United States invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq.