Alix Cohen and Robert Stern eds. Thinking about the Emotions: A Philosophical History Published:
I did a report a long time ago which may help. What follows is a bit of it as it concerns the two philosophers in question: Physical solitude was admirable, but Nietzsche had in mind a different kind of solitude, a more extreme kind. Life became affirmed at the expense of self.
Life affirmation brought with it an unavoidable upsurge of nihilism, and this nihilism replaced the self. This was not the same thing as purging oneself in a protest against life. That was the way of decadence and Nietzsche would have nothing to do with that kind of self-sacrifice.
In life-affirmation only awareness remained, and that too got affirmed. The values of unity, purpose, reason, faith, etc. In Nietzsche, that nothingness, along with subjectivity itself, was affirmed. The positive results of faith, authenticity, and life affirmation, respectively, are not found in Sartre.
Rather, the nothingness discovered by Sartre condemned humanity to a kind of purgatory. Here the self is cut off from everything except from its own nothingness.
Both Sartre and Descartes were convinced that the ego was the absolute truth of awakened consciousness. For Descartes, doubt and simple, clear ideas became the all-important means by which to discover truth while for Sartre that doubt turned into a subjective nothingness attached to ego.
While Sartre was no less committed to the self-awareness of the ego than Descartes, he shifted the foundations of that awareness away from doubt ultimately God for Descartes to nihility.
Where as for Kierkegaard and Heidegger, nothingness became a vehicle for a kind of liberation, for Sartre, it shut the ego up within itself, it condemned the ego to a cave-like existence. The path toward deeper subjectivity could take Sartre no further.
Human freedom, for Sartre, was necessary to account for the movement from nothingness to actual situatedness. How we existed had to be chosen, chosen from a multitude of possibilities.
It's been a long time. I know this does not specifically speak to what you need to know, but I hope it helps.The Philosophies of René Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Descartes had his fair share of opposing philosophers, but one of his main critiques was in the person of John Locke.
I do not totally agree with his proposition that only the mind can produce certain knowledge and that our senses are always under the attack of the devil that deceives us.
Differences and similarities between Nietzsche and Kierkegaard (leslutinsduphoenix.comlosophy) submitted 3 years ago by Rllrllrrlrrl I know that kierkegaard was a Christian existentialist and Nietzsche an atheist, but what were the similarities between them. Oct 29, · I need to compare and contrast Nietzsche and Sartre's ideas on what is good, choice, and responsibility in Nietzsche's, "The Geneology of Morals" and Sartre's "Existentialism".
The problem is i'm not entirely sure what each person's views are on these leslutinsduphoenix.com: Resolved. (A) Comparing and contrasting the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are comparable in their basic political ideologies about man and their rights in the state of nature before they enter a civil society.
Hobbes was also an atheist who wanted the churches subordinate to the state. Rene Descartes ( – ) – Descartes is probably the most famous exponent of the dualist view— human nature is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind/soul.